Pennsylvania Department of Education

Session Dates

Tuesday December 19th, 2017 4:00PM — 6:00PM

The Writing Toolkit for Students who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: Micro-level Writing

This session continues the examination of writing instruction for students who are deaf or hard of hearing by examining the micro-structures of writing. Components of micro-level writing, including handwriting, spelling, vocabulary, and sentence structure will be discussed with emphasis on instructional strategies for linking micro-level and macro-level structures through the use of “writing warm-ups.” Sentence stems and organizational frames will also be presented as instructional scaffolds to help bridge micro- and macro-level writing.


Participants will be able to:

  • Identify the components of micro-level writing
  • Incorporate “writer’s warm-ups” in writing instruction to optimize the transfer of skills from micro- to macro-level structures.
  • Use sentence and paragraph frames to help scaffold student writing

Target Audience

Teachers of students who are deaf or hard of hearing

Individuals attending this course must arrive on time and stay the duration of the course in order to receive Act 48 Professional Education hours. Requests for exceptions are to be brought to the attention of the individual´s Superintendent or IU Director prior to the course.

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Tom Wolf, Governor


  • Webinar

Event Type

  • Webinar

Credit Type

  • Act 48 (2 hours)

Registration Contact

Kristi Simpson,, 800-441-3215x7241

Content Contact

Sue Ann Houser,, 800-441-3215 x 7243

Topics Covered

Deaf/Hard of Hearing


  • Lana Edwards Santoro, Ph.D.